- There are three main perm techniques currently in use: body wave, specialty, and jumbo.
- Preparation is key when getting a perm; condition your hair, use leave-in treatments, and avoid direct sunlight.
- Aftercare is important to maintain the desired shape of your hair and prevent excessive damage.
Sometimes, we want to try something new with our hair, something that will give us a fresh look, a new style. If you are considering a perm, you are already in the right place. A perm, also known as a permanent, is a chemical process used to alter the structure of hair. The results can be dramatic and transformative; however, the perm process should not be undertaken lightly, as it carries certain risks of which you need to be aware.
In this article, we will look at the different perm techniques, the preparations that should be made, the perm process, and necessary aftercare tips to get the most out of your perm. After reading this guide, you should be more knowledgeable about the perming process and be ready to make an informed decision about whether to go forward with a perm.
There are three main perm techniques that are currently in use, the body wave, specialty, and jumbo perm.
A body wave perm is a good option when you want to create soft and natural looking curls. The results of this technique tend to be a loose set of natural looking curls that ripple or flow, as opposed to tight, bouncy curls. This technique works best with shoulder length hair that already has some body.
The specialty perm technique is more versatile than the body wave perm, as you can get more defined curls with this method. Because of the greater number of curls around each strand, this technique is sometimes referred to as a spiral perm. This technique can achieve everything from loose curls to tight ringlets, and is best suited for medium-length to long hair.
The jumbo perm technique is the most dramatic of the techniques, and creates very thick and overly curly hair. This technique works best with longer hair and creates multiple large, uniform curls around each strand.
Characteristics of Each Technique
Before deciding which technique is right for you, it is important to discuss the characteristics of your hair with your stylist. Some of the characteristics to consider include the length and texture of your hair, and whether or not it has been previously colored. Some of these techniques may cause greater damage or be more risky depending on these factors.
If you are planning to get a perm, there are some things you can do to help prepare your hair for the process.
Tip #1: Conditioning your hair
At least a few weeks before you plan to get a perm, you should start conditioning your hair. This is especially important for hair that has been previously colored or is dry. Treatments such as hot oil treatments and deep conditioning help to keep the hair healthy and prevent excessive damage from the perm process.
Tip #2: Leave-in treatments
Some leave-in treatments with proteins and nourishing oils can help protect hair and keep it strong during the perm process. A light leave-in treatment applied the day before the perm should provide a good level of protection.
Tip #3: Avoiding direct sunlight
During the week leading up to the perm, it is best to stay out of direct sunlight as much as possible. Direct sunlight can weaken hair, making it prone to damage during the perm process.
Now that your hair is adequately prepared, it is time to proceed with the perm process.
Step 1: Tightening the curls
Your stylist will wrap pieces of your hair around heated rods in order to make them more pliable. The exact amount of time you will need to keep the rods in depends on the type of perm you are getting, but it should never exceed fifteen minutes.
Step 2: Applying the solution
Once the curls have been appropriately tightened, the perm solution will be applied to the hair. This solution has a unique chemical formulation that helps to reshape the individual strands of hair and set them in their new shape.
Step 3: Neutralizing the curls
After the solution has been left on the hair for the desired time (generally fifteen minutes), it is then neutralized. Neutralization helps to ensure that the permed rods do not over-process and cause permanent damage to the hair.
The importance of aftercare should not be underestimated. Following these tips will help ensure that the desired perm effect is kept for as long as possible.
Preparing for maintenance
Perms can last anywhere from two months to six months, depending on how well you take care of your hair and how often you have it touched up. Keeping up with maintenance can help extend the life of your perm and keep its shape.
Avoiding harsh products
Harsh products can damage hair, so try to limit the amount of styling products that you use after you have gotten a perm. Too much styling products can break down the new shape of your hair, making it hard to maintain it.
Regular trims and treatments
Having regular trims and treatments will help to preserve the life of your perm and maintain the healthy look of your hair. A trim every six weeks should be sufficient.
Getting a perm is a great way to achieve a dramatic transformation and add some style to your look. However, it is important to know the characteristics of your hair, the techniques available, and the necessary preparations before proceeding with the process. It is also important to note that aftercare is critical in order to maintain the desired shape of your hair and prevent excessive damage.
We hope that this article has provided you the necessary information to make an informed decision about whether to get a perm. With this knowledge, you should be able to get the most out of your perm experience.
At Total Image Hair Designs, we offer a variety of perm techniques and hair treatments. Our team of experienced stylists will work with you to choose the perm that is right for you and your hair. Our welcoming salon environment provides a stress-free and enjoyable experience for all of our customers. Contact Total Image Hair Designs today to learn more about the services we offer!
- “Body Wave Perm: 10 Looks that Prove it’s Worth the Commitment.” https://www.allthingshair.com/en-us/hairstyles-haircuts/curly-hairstyles/body-wave-perm.
- “How To Take Care of Your Perm – Hair Professionals Career College.” 11 Feb. 2020, https://hairpros.edu/how-long-does-a-perm-last/.
- “Ultimate Guide to Different Types of Perms | Verb Hair Care.” 13 Aug. 2020, https://www.verbproducts.com/blogs/verb-word/ultimate-guide-to-different-types-of-perms.